Machines, products, and people are increasingly interconnected through information technology, but what are the consequences? Will we see a “smart green world”, with technological advances benefitting everyone – including the environment? Alternatively, are we heading towards a digital growth economy where money and power are bundled in the hands of a few, reaching the planetary boundaries even sooner? These questions are the starting point of the research group “Digitalization and Sustainability”. It examines the opportunities and risks of digitalization for a reduction in energy and resource consumption and develops approaches for shaping digitalization politically and socially in a way that ensures its contribution to the necessary changes in society towards sustainability.